After the First World War women in Germany were given the vote and a feminist elite, led by Rosa Luxemburg and Clara Zetkin , helped to shape the political post-war scene. Luxemburg, the leader of the Spartacus League , was murdered by the Freikorps in January, , but other women replaced her at the forefront of politics and by they had 36 members of the Reichstag. Germany also had , women teachers, 13, women musicians and 3, women doctors. The Wall Street Crash caused serious problems for the German economy. The collapse in share prices meant an urgent need to repatriate American capital invested abroad. The number of registered unemployed in Germany rose from 1.
In countless biographies of Adolf Hitler the story of his final hours is recounted in the traditional version: committing suicide with Eva Braun, he took a cyanide pill and then shot himself on 30 April , as the Russians bombarded Berlin. But a fragment of skull, complete with bullet hole, which was taken from the bunker by the Russians and displayed in Moscow in , appeared to settle the argument. Until now. In the wake of new revelations, the histories of Hitler's death may need to be rewritten — and left open-ended. American researchers claim to have demonstrated that the skull fragment, secretly preserved for decades by Soviet intelligence, belonged to a woman under 40, whose identity is unknown.
SHOCK IMAGES: Is this Hitler's Nazi bride Eva Braun pictured NAKED?
Yet it was through the architecture, design and media depictions of his homes that the Nazi regime fostered a myth of the private Hitler as peaceable homebody and good neighbour. In the years leading up to the Second World War, this image was used strategically and effectively, both within Germany and abroad, to distance the dictator from his violent and cruel policies. Hitler maintained three residences during the Third Reich: the Old Chancellery in Berlin; his Munich apartment; and Haus Wachenfeld later the Berghof , his mountain home on the Obersalzberg. The Old Chancellery had, since , been the official residence of German chancellors.
Registered in Ireland: What was the origin of his evil? How could such a thing have happened? A few years ago, I wrote an article for CrimeMagazine.